The IMF suggests that the widespread adoption of crypto assets has the potential to jeopardize macro-financial stability

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The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has cautioned that the widespread embrace of cryptocurrencies may pose significant risks to the macro-financial stability of countries.

This warning came during a presentation by the Managing Director, Kristalina Georgieva, at the International Conference on Digital Money in Seoul, South Korea.

Georgieva highlighted the resilience of cryptocurrencies, citing the surge in bitcoin prices since April and their increasing adoption in emerging economies like Nigeria and Brazil.

She emphasized that crypto assets are here to stay and urged policymakers to address the challenges associated with their high adoption, especially in countries like India, Nigeria, and Vietnam.

The potential consequences include a threat to macro-financial stability, difficulty in policy transmission due to limited currency holders, challenges in managing capital flows, and the risk of undermining fiscal sustainability with implications for tax collection.

Georgieva stressed the importance of regulating the crypto industry to combat money laundering, terrorism financing, and tax evasion.

She called for the clarification and consistent application of laws, standards, and regulations, including clear tax rules and a well-defined legal foundation for crypto assets.

Furthermore, she firmly discouraged countries from granting cryptocurrencies the status of legal tender, emphasizing the need for ongoing collaboration between the public and private sectors to harness the benefits of innovation without compromising financial stability.

Highlighting the increasing adoption of cryptocurrency in Nigeria, driven by economic challenges such as currency depreciation and rising inflation, Georgieva referenced a report from Chainalysis.

The report indicated a 9% year-over-year increase in cryptocurrency transactions in Nigeria, totaling $56.7 billion between July 2022 and June 2023.

 

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